They were all coined by famed psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud as part of his psychosexual theory of development. Not to worry! We put together this conversational guide to help you understand what psychosexual development is all about. The theory is more multilayered than a wedding cake, but it boils down to this: Sexual pleasure plays a major role in human development. Each stage is associated with a specific part of the body, or more specifically, erogenous zone. You either remain stuck, never progressing to the next stage, or progress but exhibit remnants or unresolved issues from the previous stage.
3.5: Psychosexual Stages of Development
Freud's 5 Stages of Psychosexual Development
What Are Freud’s Psychosexual Stages of Development?
Freud proposed that psychological development in childhood takes place during five psychosexual stages: oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital. These are called psychosexual stages because each stage represents the fixation of libido roughly translated as sexual drives or instincts on a different area of the body. As a person grows physically certain areas of their body become important as sources of potential frustration erogenous zones , pleasure or both.
Sigmund Freud — is probably the most controversial and misunderstood psychological theorist. There was no such thing as a degree in psychology at the time that he received his education, which can help us understand some of the controversy over his theories today. However, Freud was the first to systematically study and theorize the workings of the unconscious mind in the manner that we associate with modern psychology.